The project is comprised of approximately 430 hectares and presents the entire gamut of environmental aspects (e.g. air, soils, lighting, noise, surface water, groundwater, fish habitat, community) from the terrestrial side to the marine environment. This comprehensive environment presents daily practical learning opportunities and mentoring by very qualified staff. The project site, due to numerous sensitive receptors (5.1% of the site began as fish habitat) necessitates strict work activity planning through the construction environmental management plan as well as environmental work plans. The project has also integrated a robust and sustainable waste management program into daily activities.
The successful implementation of the construction environmental management plan and environmental work plans are are achieved through the following initiatives:
Air Quality Monitoring Station
The Air Quality Monitoring Station is located between the temporary construction facilities and Cedar Valley Lodge. It was established in late 2019 to analyze the following parameters:
- • Sulphur Dioxide (SO2)
• Oxides of Nitrogen (NOX): Nitric Oxide (NO) and Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2)
• Ozone (O3)
• Respirable Particulate Matter (PM2.5)
• Inhalable Particulate Matter (PM10)
• Wind Speed and Direction
• Ambient Temperature and Relative Humidity
• Barometric Pressure
The installation and operation of the Air Quality Monitoring Station is one of over 3,600 regulatory commitments being adhered to by the Project.
Bats and Bat Boxes
Due to Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) concerns that the Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus) was added to Schedule I of the SARA as endangered, it recommended that LNG Canada conduct field work and, based on the data collected, develop and implement a site clearing strategy that identifies timing restrictions, determined in consultation with ECCC, to avoid or lessen the effects to the little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus).
In early 2020 JFJV purchased 6 locally sourced bat boxes that were constructed as a modification of Bat Conservation International’s Four Chamber Nursery House design, adapted for industrial use in northern BC. This modified design uses only locally sourced red and yellow cedar, and metal hardware exterior surfaces have been treated with linseed oil. The boxes mimic a natural roosting habitat in this region — including maternity colony roosting habitat. Maternity colonies generally begin to establish in April/May. Each box can house up to 400 individuals and the four nursery chambers within the box allow the bats to generate enough heat to rear their brood. There is also a ledge at the bottom which helps in monitoring their occupation, as well as catching any young that could fall out.
Monitoring of the boxes happens weekly for effectiveness and maintenance and will be maintained for the life of the project.
North Kitimat River Side Channel
The recently completed North Kitimat River Side Channel (“NKRSC”) offsetting habitat started receiving water from the Kitimat river, following sheet pile removals. The NKRSC offset was designed to provide two major functions – maintain spawning habitats for salmon (Pink, Chum and Coho) and potentially eulachon, and to provide freshwater, off-channel rearing habitats and refuge from the high flows in the Kitimat River mainstem, for juvenile salmon and eulachon.
It will also provide 35,208 m3 to 76,540 m3 of fish habitat, depending on seasonal flows. Hydrological connection at the southern end of the NKRSC was established in December 2019, providing fish access to 80 % of the habitat compensation project.
Fish and Amphibian Salvage
Total number of Fish salvaged and relocated on site as of December 2020 – 843,154
Total number of amphibian salvaged and relocated on site as of December 2020 – 554,536
Wildlife on site
On the LNG Canada project, all wildlife sighting are tracked and recorded. JFJV has had trail cameras set up since January 2019 on the major wildlife corridors on site and around the periphery of the project. Trail cameras have also been set up in grizzly bear scent marking locations. Tracking wildlife sighting data and having cameras set up in these areas and along major wildlife trails allows for a better understanding of local wildlife populations.